The Fake News relates “to misinformation and lack of information, or simply a manipulation of information and even wealth of information, intoxication”, according to Paul A Mazurier, professional expert in hybrid threats and Director of the Observatory on Threats HYBRID INISEG.
With the Spanish elections just around the corner, the influence that fake news can have is very worrying. Spaniards fear that fake news interferes with the elections, and a total of 70% of people believe so.
The Spanish company S2 Grupo has warned that Cybersecurity will be key on election day and throughout the previous process. The main risks are cyber attacks and fake news for the 28A (April 28).
We have already learned of several cases where fake news has influenced, such as the Donald Trump campaign, the Brexit referendum, and in Brazil with Bolsonaro.
Social networks have become true political weapons, since they can generate opinions for or against political parties, before the elections. The users of social networks when they read a news do not worry about looking for the source of that news, about finding out who wrote it, they only trust that it is true and share it, that way it reaches thousands and thousands of users and on the way, No one thought it could be a fake news.
The political parties now have a new tool that benefits, social networks. If there were previously door-to-door campaigns, in newspapers, radio and television, now with social networks, the fake news is camouflaged, to the end of influencing users and their political tendencies. Finally, they can alter the outcome of an election.
Cybersecurity In Action
It is necessary, more than ever, to take precautions and security measures in the systems, to avoid the possible access of cybercriminals to the information and to alter or manipulate it.
Cybersecurity is vital in this regard, in order to prevent, detect, and avoid cyber attacks as much as possible.
One of the social networks has taken action on the matter; Facebook “has already announced the creation of a team to combat misinformation.” It will also supervise the advertisements of political content. This happened after meeting with senior international managers of technology and with the heads of the strategy of PSOE, PP, Podemos, Ciudadanos, and Vox.
Facebook is preparing in advance of the Spanish elections, as it will force political parties that want to advertise to register first, the same on Instagram. The ads and data on the page will be stored in a public file. And those who have not registered will be blocked.
The Vulnerability Of Social Networks
The vulnerability of social networks goes beyond fake news; behind this, there are powerful networks that are responsible for spreading false information, especially in election times. It is not possible to know exactly how many people saw political advertising and changed their vote since people are faithful to their political beliefs, as well as their soccer preferences; they do not change their tendencies from one moment to another.
What must be taken into account, in order to evaluate the assertions made about an immense persuasive effect of doubtful online content, is the following:
How many people actually saw the questionable material: statistics can be alarming, but they can also be inflated or exaggerated.
If the exposed people are easy to convince: it is very likely that fake news will reach people who already have strong opinions, which are not exactly who will change their vote.
The proportion of false news seen by people: perhaps the worry is the amount of “likes” or the times in which false news was shared and that bots attract, maybe it can sound huge until it is considered how much That information circulates online.